If you are suffering with knee pain that has gradually built up, that gets worse with exercises and that is aggravated on stairs and after sitting, it could be Patella Femoral Pain. It is a common term given to pain around the knee cap, and it is also known as Runner’s Knee.
What causes Patellofemoral Pain?
The pain starts when the Patella (Knee Cap) alignment is altered, causing a pressure against the groove of the femur (Thigh bone). There can also be a build up of inflammation to the patella tendon, and other soft tissue around the knee.
There are a few factors that can contribute to the pain. A sudden increase in exercise can put stress on the knee, as the soft tissue does not have time to adapt and strengthen to new loads.
Biomechanical imbalances including weakness of the gluteal muscles and quadriceps muscles can contribute to poor knee alignment. Also foot biomechanic issues such as over-pronation can also put stress on the knee.
How can you help Patella Femoral Pain?
Following the PRICE routine for inflammation can help reduce pain and inflammation.
Depending on the severity of the pain, exercise may need to modified to reduce the pain.
A recent article (Collins et al, 2018) found that a combination approach of corrective exercises and manual therapy such as massage and mobilisations is effective for short and long term management of Patella femoral pain.
It is important to correct the biomechanical imbalances that may be contributing to the pain. An assessment by a professional will help identify causes of your pain, and rehabilitation exercises can be given. Contact us at The Treatment Lab if you are suffering with knee pain.
Collins NJ et al. 2018 ‘Consensus statement on exercise therapy and physical interventaions (orthoses, taping and manual therapy) to treat petallofemoral pain: recommendations from the 5th International Patellofemoral Pain Research Retreat, Gold Coast, Australia, 2017’. The British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2018:0:1-9.
Remember- everyone is different, and all injuries are different. This article is for information only and does not constitute advice for your injury. You should consult a qualified therapist to accurately diagnose and treat your injury. You can book in with one of our experts at The Treatment Lab by calling us on 01908 766425.
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